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Resources

The resources listed below have been recommended by members of the Forward Cities national and local teams. It is not meant to be exhaustive, but as a starting point for national and local audiences interested in advancing inclusive innovation and entrepreneurship. To help navigate through the resources, you can type the beginning letters of the categories, resource name, or the organization in the filter text boxes below. To suggest a resource to add, please fill out this request form

Categories include:
· Forward Cities Research Products: data, publications, and presentations from the Forward Cities national and local teams
· Ecosystem Mapping: reports and tools describing the components of the enabling environment for supporting entrepreneurs
· Entrepreneurship Organizations and Initiatives: other key organizations and initiatives supporting inclusive innovation and entrepreneurship
· Local Research Products: exemplary local research reports and initiatives as inspiration and templates for other regions
· National Data Resources: national sources or general guidance on entrepreneurism data
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Category Resource Organization Description
National Data Resources A Roadmap for Inner City Business Data Collection (ICIC) Initiative for a Competitive Inner City This report includes findings from ICIC’s study of the accuracy of proprietary business data, and a roadmap to help other cities identify business information gaps<br>and collect more comprehensive data.
Entrepreneurship Organizations & Initiatives Aspen Institute Center for Urban Innovation The Aspen Institute The Aspen Institute Center for Urban Innovation identifies, connects, and supports urban innovators, with a special emphasis on people who come from or work in underserved neighborhoods. It also helps leaders from government, business, and philanthropy better understand the needs of urban innovators so that their powerful ideas can spread rapidly from place to place.
Entrepreneurship Organizations & Initiatives Aspen Urban Innovation Lab The Aspen Institute The DC Urban Innovation Lab supports a cohort of urban innovators focused on addressing social challenges in the Washington region. The lab connects these innovators with the wealth of policy experts on education, health, economic development and related topics at the Institute. It also connects the growing number of people and organizations working to create an urban innovation ecosystem in the DC area.
Entrepreneurship Organizations & Initiatives Big Ideas for Small Business Toolkit National League of Cities The Big Ideas for Small Business toolkit discusses important strategies for how local government leaders can be better advocates for small businesses. Our report provides guidance on creating ecosystems that support small business growth; reorganizing city resources to better meet the needs of small businesses; and providing business owners with access to new sources of capital.
Local Research Products BizGrid BizGrid BizGrid is interactive online directory and a physical infographic designed to help entrepreneurs navigate the landscape of organizations providing business assistance in Detroit
Forward Cities Research Products Catalyzing Entrepreneurship Assets, Gaps, and Interventions for Areas Beyond the New Orleans Renaissance Tulane University This Forward Cities report explores and recommends specific interventions toward fostering entrepreneurial activity while avoiding gentrification in a selected neighborhood in New Orleans.
National Data Resources Census Business Builder: Small Business Edition United States Census Bureau The Census Business Builder: Small Business Edition allows small business owners a way to easily navigate to and use key demographic and economic data to help guide their research into opening a new or expanding their existing business.
Entrepreneurship Organizations & Initiatives Center for Enterprise Development Efforts on Entrepreneurship Corporation for Enterprise Development CFED’s current portfolio of entrepreneurship work focuses on informing, discovering and testing scalable product, program or policy strategies for addressing microbusiness owners’ greatest financial challenges.
Ecosystem Mapping City initiatives for technology, innovation and entrepreneurship CITIE CITIE is the product of a partnership between Nesta, Accenture and the Future Cities Catapult under CITIE.Index. It lays out a framework and diagnostic tool for roles that a city can play to support innovation and entrepreneurship.
National Data Resources COMMUNICATIONS: TELLING THE STORY OF WHAT WORKS What Works Cities This guide contains examples of storytelling both large and small—from effective Tweets and Facebook posts to blog posts and media coverage from the initiative—intended to expand notions of which stories are worth telling and how they might be shared. The examples here are also reflective of data- and evidence-based work across various stages of implementation.
National Data Resources Creating Inclusive High-Tech Incubators and Accelerators: Strategies to Increase Participation Rates of Women and Minority Entrepreneurs Initiative for a Competitive Inner City Many high-tech incubator and accelerator leaders convey that they would like to become more inclusive, but that they are unsure of how to do so effectively. This report hopes to address this situation by providing these leaders with a set of tools and models they can implement to become more diverse and inclusive. The report includes highlights from incubators and accelerators that are struggling with diversity issues as well as from those that have already implemented strategies that have created more inclusive organizations. We discuss the various barriers that prevent women and minority entrepreneurs from participating in high-tech incubators and accelerators and a set of recommended strategies to help eliminate the barriers.
Local Research Products DC Small Business Policy Project The Coalition for Nonprofit Housing & Economic Development The purpose of the Small Business Policy Project is to improve the environment address barriers to the success of small and micro businesses in the District of Columbia.
Ecosystem Mapping Entrepreneurial Ecosystem Diagnostic Toolkit The Aspen Institute This 2014 publication from the Aspen Network of Development Entrepreneurs provides methodological guidance on assessing the current state of entrepreneurial ecosystems and offers a set of resources and tools that can be used by development practitioners.
Forward Cities Research Products Entrepreneurship Support Organizations in Durham John Killeen, City of Durham Neighborhood Compass This document is an inventory of entrepreneurship support organizations in Durham as of November 2015. It was produced as part of the Forward Cities Learning Initiative by the local research team with the assistance of the local Forward Cities Innovation Council.
Local Research Products Expanding Opportunity for Minority-Owned Businesses in New Orleans The Data Center This paper, one of the series of the Data Center’s New Orleans Index at Ten, provide empirical data on how minority-owned business enterprises perceive the post-Katrina entrepreneurial ecosystem, including impressions on inclusiveness, supports, and access. It also includes recommendations on policies and procedures that improve the ecosystem’s ability to support MBE development.
Forward Cities Research Products Forward Cities Detroit North End/New Center District Data Driven Detroit This December 2015 brief details the selection and landscape of the North End/New Center District in Detroit, MI, the focus neighborhood for the Detroit Innovation Council’s efforts
Forward Cities Research Products Forward Cities Detroit Supplemental Maps and Data Data Driven Detroit These supplemental documents of the North End/New Center District include a data table and maps with boundaries, employment centers, and support organizations.
Forward Cities Research Products Forward Cities Local and National Research Update Urban Institute This presentation at the Cleveland Forward Cities convening describes the local research products and the main findings from the Urban Institute brief reporting on the initiative’s early progress.
Forward Cities Research Products Forward Cities National and Local Research Update Forward Cities National and local research partners presented at the December 2015 Durham Forward Cities convening to provide an update on the national brief and highlight local data and analysis examples from Cleveland, Detroit, Durham, and New Orleans.
Forward Cities Research Products Forward Cities: Four Cities' Efforts toward More Inclusive Entrepreneurship Urban Institute This February 2017 report documents the activities and outcomes from the two-year Forward Cities pilot, and suggests implications for similar peer-learning initiatives to support minority entrepreneurship.
Forward Cities Research Products Forward Cities: Mobilizing Local Action for Inclusive Entrepreneurship Urban Institute This report documents the goals and progress of Forward Cities as of September 2015, summarizes the early outcomes, and suggests implications for the initiative going forward.
Forward Cities Research Products Guiding Document for Local Innovation Councils Forward Cities This document was provided in January 2015 to the local Forward Cities Innovation Councils to guide them in their planning process. It describes the national project goals, the target population, and next tasks as of January 2015 for the local council and the research teams.
Forward Cities Research Products IBM Report on Cleveland for Forward Cities Forward Cities Forward Cities received an in-kind consultancy grant from the Global Corporate Citizenship program at IBM that provided donated time to conduct research related to entrepreneurism and small business development in Cleveland. IBM’s full scope of work was to assess the Forward Cities corridors; conduct Interviews to understand the entrepreneurial activity and supports; summarize national best practices for entrepreneurial development; and recommend actions to accelerate entrepreneurial activity and grow small businesses.
Local Research Products Immigration Path to Prosperity or Calamity? Policy Bridge This brief by Gregory L. Brown &amp; Randell McShepard makes the case for encouraging immigration, citing benefits of immigrant labor to the Northeast Ohio’s economy and the potential to help reverse population decline. It makes recommendations for Cuyahoga County to foster a more welcoming environment for immigration.
Forward Cities Research Products Intended Outcomes of the Forward Cities National Learning Collaborative Forward Cities This excerpt from the January 2014 proposal for the Forward Cities National Learning Collaborative describes the intended short-term and long-term outcomes for the initiative. Specific goals and outcomes may have evolved during the initiative implementation, which began June 2014.
Entrepreneurship Organizations & Initiatives International Economic Development Council International Economic Development Council The International Economic Development Council (IEDC) is a non-profit, non-partisan membership organization serving economic developers.
Entrepreneurship Organizations & Initiatives interSector Partners L3C interSector Partners L3C iSP consulting and education services include: Social Enterprise strategy and development, Strategic planning, Sustainability planning, Executive Search, Governance, Business planning, Marketing/communications, Stakeholder engagement, CSR planning and implementation, Strategic partnerships, Business plan development, Sponsorship development, Fundraising planning
Ecosystem Mapping Introducing the Entrepreneurship Ecosystem: Four Defining Characteristics Forbes This 2011 Forbes article by Daniel Isenberg outlines the six domains of entrepreneurial ecosystems that support value-creating entrepreneurial ventures.
Local Research Products Lessons of Hayti Lessons of Hayti As told by prominent historians, scholars, former Hayti residents, and a survivor of the Tulsa Riots of 1921, "The Lessons of Hayti " details a history of Black success in America, including the creation of over 100 independent Black communities, nearly 100 Black Colleges and Universities, and wielding massive political power in the former Confederate States, all within 50 years of the end of slavery. "The Lessons of Hayti" also examines the demise of these historic Black communities over the last 100 years due to both racial violence and political backstabbing triggered by pivotal historic events including the landmark case "Plessy vs. Ferguson" in 1898, the end of of World War 1 in 1918, and the civil rights movement of the 1950's and 60's.
National Data Resources Minority and Women Entrepreneurs: Building Capital, Networks, and Skills Brookings Institution New and small business owners often face particular challenges, including lack of access to capital, insufficient business networks for peer support, investment, and business opportunities, and the absence of the full range of essential skills necessary to lead a business to survive and grow. Women and minority entrepreneurs often face even greater obstacles. While business formation is, of course, primarily a matter for the private sector, public policy can and should encourage increased rates of entrepreneurship, and the capital, networks, and skills essential for success, especially among women and minorities. In particular, this discussion paper calls for an expanded State Small Business Credit Initiative and an enlarged and permanent New Markets Tax Credit to encourage private sector investment in new and small businesses.
National Data Resources Minority Business Ownership: Data from the 2012 Survey of Business Owners US Small Business Administration Nationwide, 29% of businesses are majority-owned by minorities, and this share is quickly increasing. The recently released 2012 Survey of Business Owners (SBO) provides a unique opportunity to examine how specific minority groups are performing in the economy as a whole, the disparities they face in sales and employment, and the business characteristics that distinguish them.
Entrepreneurship Organizations & Initiatives Mission Throttle Mission Throttle Mission Throttle provides a wide range of advisory services tailored to achieve operating excellence and sustainable social impact. We work closely with our clients to identify a mix of services that reflects their unique needs. Services include: Assess financial, operational and programmatic performance and capacity, Conduct goalsetting/visioning workshops, Prepare concept business plan, Develop innovative fundraising strategies
Local Research Products Neighborhood Business Initiative Handout Michigan Community Resources This handout is from the session on “Lessons and Reflections on 2 Years of Forward Cities” at the Forward Cities Cleveland convening, and describes Detroit’s Neighborhood Business Initiative.
Forward Cities Research Products Overview of Current Data Work for the Durham Innovation Council John Killeen, City of Durham Neighborhood Compass This July 2015 presentation displays maps of minority and disadvantaged businesses in the Angier-Driver focus area, as well as Durham and North Carolina as a whole. It also includes preliminary results from interviews of neighborhood entrepreneurs and small businesses.
Local Research Products Pittsburgh RoadMap for Inclusive Innovation Urban Redevelopment Authority of Pittsburgh The City of Pittsburgh has launched the “Pittsburgh Roadmap for Inclusive Innovation,” a strategic plan that will support equitable access to technology, City resources, and information. Championed by Mayor William Peduto’s Department of Innovation and Performance and the Urban Redevelopment Authority of Pittsburgh, the Roadmap for Inclusive Innovation is a strategic plan aimed to improve the quality of life for all residents. The Roadmap encompasses more than 100 projects and initiatives the City of Pittsburgh will undertake in the coming months and years.
Entrepreneurship Organizations & Initiatives Regional Innovation Strategies Program US Economic Development Administration EDA’s Office of Innovation and Entrepreneurship (OIE) leads the Regional Innovation Strategies Program competition to spur innovation capacity-building activities in regions across the nation. The program is authorized through the America COMPETES reauthorization Act of 2010, and received a dedicated appropriation for the first time in FY 2014.
Local Research Products Revitalizing the Corridor Michigan Community Resources Prepared by MCR in partnership with ProsperUS Detroit, this executive summary focuses on the five ProsperUS Detroit Target Areas. It provides information to place-based organization about how to attract, grow, and retain businesses in their community, as well as provide critical information to the ProsperUS entrepreneurs so that they may strategically site their businesses.
Forward Cities Research Products Small Business and Entrepreneurial Support Programs Offering Services in North End/New Center Data Driven Detroit This document lists organizations within the City of Detroit with entrepreneurial support services available to individuals or businesses in the North End/New Center District as of December 2015.
National Data Resources Small Business Credit Survey Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta The Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta administers a twice-yearly survey to businesses with fewer than 500 employees to gather information on trends in credit access and other issues relevant to small business. It covers much of the eastern United States
Entrepreneurship Organizations & Initiatives Small Business Innovation Research Program US Small Business Administration The Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) program is a highly competitive program that encourages domestic small businesses to engage in Federal Research/Research and Development (R/R&amp;D) that has the potential for commercialization. Through a competitive awards-based program, SBIR enables small businesses to explore their technological potential and provides the incentive to profit from its commercialization. By including qualified small businesses in the nation's R&amp;D arena, high-tech innovation is stimulated and the United States gains entrepreneurial spirit as it meets its specific research and development needs.
Entrepreneurship Organizations & Initiatives Small Business Technology Transfer Program US Small Business Administration The Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) is another program that expands funding opportunities in the federal innovation research and development (R&amp;D) arena. Central to the program is expansion of the public/private sector partnership to include the joint venture opportunities for small businesses and nonprofit research institutions. The unique feature of the STTR program is the requirement for the small business to formally collaborate with a research institution in Phase I and Phase II. STTR's most important role is to bridge the gap between performance of basic science and commercialization of resulting innovations.
National Data Resources State of Latino Entrepreneurship Stanford Latino Entrepreneurship Initiative With this report, Stanford Latino Entrepreneurship Initiative (SLEI) provides the first annual State of Latino Entrepreneurship report. It provides academic researchers, policy makers and business leaders with a timely update of SLEI’s research results. The report finds that even as the Latino population (currently at 17%) is growing at an undeniably fast rate (estimated to be 30% by 2060), and with it, an explosion in the number of Latino Owned Businesses (LOBs), there is a multi trillion dollar opportunity gap between Latino Owned Businesses and Non-Latino Owned Businesses (NLOBs), driven by the dramatic difference in size between the two.
National Data Resources Survey of Business Owners United States Census Bureau The Survey of Business Owners provides the only comprehensive, regularly collected source of information on selected economic and demographic characteristics for businesses and business owners by gender, ethnicity, race, and veteran status. Data are published for metropolitan areas, states, and the nation.
Ecosystem Mapping Takeaways from Living Cities’ Anchor Institutions Design Lab Living Cities Drawing on a cross-sector convening of 60 leaders, this 2012 blog summarizes lessons on how we can better harness the economic impact of anchor institutions to drive growth and opportunity
National Data Resources The Big Impact of Small Businesses on Urban Job Creation: Evidence from Five Cities Initiative for a Competitive Inner City Every city is armed with an arsenal of strategies to attract and retain large businesses, but city leaders will need to adopt new tools and develop a comprehensive small business plan to effectively support the growth of small businesses. Small business support in most cities is an uncoordinated, unfocused set of programs implemented by a disparate group of private and public organizations. In this report we outline a playbook with five critical strategies city leaders should implement to maximize the job creation of small businesses in their cities.
Forward Cities Research Products The Forward Cities Cleveland Experience: Overview and Analysis Cleveland State University This report from January 2016 describes the characteristics and plans for the four focus areas selected by Cleveland’s Innovation Council. It also discusses the role of the public sector in inclusive innovation and programs that focus on the talent pipeline and youth entrepreneurship.
Local Research Products The Rise of the Social Entrepreneur Post-Katrina The Data Center This report takes a close look at key differences in social entrepreneurial activity between pre- and post-Katrina New Orleans, and identifies factors and agents that enabled a shift in the metro’s entrepreneurial landscape.
Forward Cities Research Products The Role of the Cleveland Local Innovation Council Forward Cities This document was developed in 2013 by Forward Cities to describe the role of the Cleveland Innovation Council, before the initiative formally started. Separate descriptions were created and tailored to each of the other participating cities (Detroit, Durham, New Orleans), but the responsibilities and roles of the council members were the same across all four cities.